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Atlantis by Plato 360BC



Atlantis was the domain of Poseidon, God of the sea.  When Poseidon fell in love with a mortal woman; Cleito, he created a dwelling at the top of a hill near the middle of the island and surrounded the dwelling with rings of water and land to protect her.

Cleito gave birth to five sets of twin boys who became the first rulers of Atlantis.  The island was divided among the brothers with the eldest; Atlas being the first King of Atlantis, being given control over the central hill and surrounding areas.

At the top of the central hill, a temple was built to honor Poseidon which housed a giant gold statue of him riding a chariot pulled by winged horses.  It was here that the rulers of Atlantis would come to discuss laws, pass judgements and pay tribute to Poseidon…

To facilitate travel and trade, a water canal was cut through the rings of land and water running south for 5.5 miles to the sea.

The city of Atlantis sat just outside the outer ring of water and spread across the plain covering a circle of eleven miles.  This was a densely populated area where the majority of the population lived.

Beyond the city lay a fertile plain 330 miles long and 110 miles wide surrounded by a canal used to collect water from the rivers and streams of the mountains.  The climate was such that two harvests were possible each year; one in the winter fed by the rains and one in the summer fed by irrigation from the canal.

Surrounding the plain to the north were mountains which soared to the skies.  Villages, lakes, rivers and meadows dotted the mountains.

Besides the harvests, the island provided all kinds of herbs, fruit and nuts.  An abundance of animals, including elephants roamed the island.

For generations the Atlanteans lived simple, virtuous lives.  Over time that slowly began to change, as greed and power began to corrupt them.  When Zeus saw the immorality of the Atlanteans he gathered the other Gods to determine a suitable punishment.

Soon, in one violent surge it was gone.  The island of Atlantis; its people and its memory were swallowed by the sea.



The above is a summary of the story told by Plato around 360 BC in his dialogues “Timaeus and Critias.”

Atlantis: Wallpaper Image
Plato: Wikipedia Image


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